Enabling IPv6 with DHCPv6-PD and PPPoE on a Fortigate

Out of morbid curiosity (and lack of IPv4 public address space available to me), I decided I wanted to enable IPv6 in my lab. However, before taking the plunge there, I would try it out on my residential ADSL line, I use the same brand of firewall there as in my lab so the experience should be largely transferable. So for a bit of context; I have a Zen Internet ADSL line (I saw the fiber van around the cabinet recently so maybe that will change) - auth to the provider is done via PPPoE on IPv4....

June 18, 2017 · Myles Gray

Setting up Duo 2FA for Fortigate admin authentication

I protect any account I have with two factor auth, at least the ones that support it (this site for example has 2FA for admin logon), it’s not that inconvenient (especially not with Authy/Duo) and greatly increases security of your critical accounts. Let’s start with the endgame: However, I haven’t protected my publicly accessible firewall with 2FA - mainly because there is no real built in method for using industry standard apps with it....

August 31, 2016 · Myles Gray

Specifying outbound NAT address for policy on a Fortigate

Sometimes you need your devices (say an SMTP server) to have a specific outbound public IP for things like reverse-DNS look-ups to ensure mail delivery and reputation, or maybe you want traffic from particular devices or policies to go out an IP for means of tracking. It is not immediately obvious on Fortigates how to do this, typically, when you create a policy and NAT traffic out through it, the Fortigate will use its' own public IP assigned by the ISP to originate the traffic from, if you have got a static IP and use an unnumbered address from your ISP then you might be lucky and your R-DNS might match this, however, in most cases you will have a separate Virtual IP for your SMTP server that is different to this and thus you need the R-DNS lookup to match that of the A-Record....

June 19, 2015 · Myles Gray

Fortigate Unnumbered IP against PPPoE Interface

I ran into some very strange behaviour on a BT Business Fiber connection with PPPoE and static IPs assigned by the ISP on a Fortigate firewall. A site-to-site IPSec VPN was required, however the tunnel kept terminating as BT assign a dynamic address with the PPPoE connection, then the static IPs are typically ingested through the use of Virtual-IPs on the fortigate unit, however IPSec requires the use of the router WAN address and it needs to be static....

June 12, 2015 · Myles Gray

Fortigate High Availability – Active/Active – Part 2 – Implementation

In Part 1 we got the prerequisites sorted out for the HA (removed all PPPoE or DHCP address assignment from the FG boxes and VLANed a switch to split the inputs between both boxes). Part 2 is considerably easier, the cabling had been done for the VLANs now we had to designate 2x ports as our cluster comms ports, I chose port1 and port2 on each box, each given a weight of 50:...

February 16, 2014 · Myles Gray

Fortigate High Availability – Active/Active – Part 1 – Preparation

Introduction I recently set up 2x Fortigate 200B units to run in HA Active/Active mode, this posed a number of challenges: HA doesn’t work if any interfaces use PPPoE or have an address assigned via DHCP How do I effectively split our network communications between both units? The PPPoE Problem The main problem was that both the internet connections used PPPoE for address assignment and auth - I had taken care of one of these previously as it was a simple ADSL link our Fortigate units didn’t allow for so we had a Cisco 837 ↗ box to terminate the PPPoE on a virtual interface and unnumber the static external IP to an internal interface....

February 11, 2014 · Myles Gray

Changing Fortigate from Switch mode to Interface mode

Fortigate units (the big ones at least) come configured in what is called “switch mode” meaning it groups a number of interfaces together and makes them act as a switch, serves DHCP over these interfaces, etc. Most companies don’t like to use this - instead if we want to up our throughput for a given zone we’d create an 802.3ad aggregate link out of 2 or more of the interfaces....

February 11, 2014 · Myles Gray

Enabling disk logging on a FortiGate

Fortigate’s logging typically isn’t the best - but it’s bad when you have no logs at all, which seems to be the default. To enable logging on fortigate models with an internal SSD/HDD use the following command: config log disk setting set status enable You can now collect and view your logs in the Log & Report section. N.B. As of FortiOS 5.2 this has been disabled on all SMB class (100D and below) units....

December 2, 2013 · Myles Gray

Syslogd on FortiOS 5.0.4

Again, Fortigate’s documentation falls down at the simplest of things, this time, syslogging - To get your Fortigate to log to a syslogger (like Kiwi/Splunk) you’ll need to go in via the CLI as they have removed this option from the GUI as of FortiOS v5.0. Log in via shell and enter the following: config log syslogd setting set status enable set server [ip.or.dns-name.here] end I have seen where people say you need to explicitly:...

September 18, 2013 · Myles Gray

Change MTU to support Jumbo Frames in FortiOS

This info is quite hard to come across and Fortigate don’t have it in their GUI from FortiOS v5.0+, SSH into your Fortigate’s CLI and enter the following (it can be done on both software aggregated and standard interfaces): config system interface edit [interfacename] set mtu-override enable set mtu 9208 end end Confirm your MTU size change has worked on the given interface by plugging directly into it (test MTU in accordance to my guide here)....

September 9, 2013 · Myles Gray